With the rising threat that the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles possess to the environment, efforts are being made across the globe to replace them with electric vehicles (EV). Electric Vehicles create zero emissions as no fuel is being burned. Also, no matter how bitter the truth is, fossil fuel reserves are limited. So the future belongs to the EVs, vehicles that create negligible noise and zero-emission. EV manufacturers have foreseen this and have already lined up a range of EVs. Influences from government and global bodies are also responsible for this. Manufacturers like Tata, Maruti-Suzuki, Ather, Okinawa, Hero, etc, have already lined up their range of EVs in India but they are not getting as much popularity as their ICE counterpart. Although many countries have already started adopting EVs, the transformation lies way far in the future for developing countries like India. Many might disagree with this but here are the reasons why Electric Vehicles are far in the future for India:
- Price: The consumers of India expect tremendous value for money products. But being a new technology, the price of EVs at present is not at par the price that the Indian consumers are willing to pay.
- Infrastructure: To be able to recharge the batteries of the EVs at a lesser time, fast-charging stations are a necessity. The chargers that come along with the EVs have a charging time, which is far from practicality. But there are not many fast-charging stations across India. Some cities do not even have any charging stations for EVs.
- Electricity: There is no hiding from the fact that even in 2020, there are places in the country that do not have electricity. Even for the places with electricity, it is not constant. The electricity might go for many hours or even for days.
- Lack of Battery Disposal Facility: The lithium-ion battery pack in EVs has a life span, which means that at the end of it, the battery pack needs to be replaced. But, lithium-ion batteries, if not disposed of properly can possess a serious threat to the environment. Lithium-ion is highly reactive with oxygen and can cause an explosion. Moreover, it can cause both soil and water pollution as it is toxic.
To conclude, no matter how technologically advance and aesthetically pleasing the EVs become, the possibility of them to become a blockbuster relies on the above-stated factors.